Integrated Transport Indicators in India
This study compares basic transport and air quality indicators for 12 Indian cities. These indicators are reported in city development plans, comprehensive mobility plans, comprehensive traffic and transport studies and detailed project reports submitted to the Ministry of Urban Development between 2005 and 2007. The list was created with an intention to include, metropolitan cities, cities with ongoing or future bus rapid transit (BRT) projects. We divided the 12 cities into three categories: “Metro” cities (Chennai, Mumbai, and Delhi), “Millennium Bloomers” (Ahmedabad, Bangalore and Pune) and “Now Exploding” (Bhopal, Indore, Jaipur, Mysore, Rajkot and Surat).
India has underway an ambitious, globally unique attempt to renew its urban infrastructure and reform the political, institutional and financial relationships between national, state, and city levels of government that have impeded sustainable city development heretofore. The Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (Jn NURM) combines an offer of financial support for infrastructure projects, under a cost-sharing arrangement with the states and local governments, linked to a carefully structured governance model, that includes both central assistance and mandatory and optional reforms.
As per JnNURM regulations the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) requires cities to develop citywide development plans (CDP’s), comprehensive mobility plans (CMP’s) and detailed project reports (DPR’s) to become eligible to receive financial support.
This study was conceived with an aim to build a database of transport and air-quality indicators from the projects sent to MoUD for approval under JnNURM and to perform preliminary comparative analysis of these indicators. The report will also indicate possible gaps in data collection and analysis and address opportunities for sustainable urban transportation.