Can Transport Deliver GHG Reductions at Scale? An Analysis of Global Transport Initiatives
This paper examines seven global transport initiatives to reduce emissions. The initiatives are among fifteen presented as part of the Paris Process on Mobility and Climate and the Lima-Paris Action Agenda—both platforms for mobilizing non-state actors under the auspices of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. The initiatives include efforts in planning, non-motorized transport, public transport, freight, aviation, fuel economy, intelligent transport systems, and electric vehicles.
The paper assesses the seven initiatives using the “Global Calculator” — an open-source tool for exploring emissions reduction actions in energy, land, and food systems up to 2050 and the consequences of those actions through 2100. Developed by the UK Department of Energy and Climate Change (now part of the Department Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy) with input from academic and civil society partners (including the Word Resources Institute), the calculator helps users understand the relative impact of actions in terms of GHG emissions, costs, and effort required.